paraffin

paraffin

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Paraffin bath

PARAFFIN WAX

Paraffin baths, or melted paraffin with a small amount of mineral oil (seven parts paraffin, one part mineral oil), are another common form of superficial thermotherapy. Paraffin, by nature of its low specific heat, allows considerably greater thermal conduction than does water of the same temperature. The mineral oil is used to lower the melting temperature of the paraffin to a point at which it can be used safely with patients. Paraffin baths are typically used to treat the hands or feet and are best for areas that can be dipped into the paraffin. Although some have suggested that paraffin can be applied with a brush to larger areas, these areas are better treated with hot packs. Paraffin bath temperatures are generally in the range of 118°F to 126°F, and the most common application technique involves dipping the hand or foot into the paraffin 7 to 12 times to form a wax "glove" and then covering the glove with a plastic bag and wrapping it with towels to help retain the heat. The duration with this method is generally 15 to 20 minutes. A less used but more effective alternative involves immersing the hand or foot directly in the bath for 5 to 15 minutes. This method is used less frequently because it presents an increased risk for burns.

 

Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 °C (99 °F).

Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles, wax paper, polishes, cosmetics, and electrical insulators. It assists in extracting perfumes from flowers, forms a base for medical ointments, and supplies a waterproof coating for wood. In wood and paper matches, it helps to ignite the matchstick by supplying an easily vaporized hydrocarbon fuel.

Fully refined paraffin wax of which oil content is maximum 0.5% and melting point 60/62 C . semi refined paraffin wax of which oil content is from 1% to 10% and melting point 58/60 , 60/62 or 62/64 C , our paraffin wax colors differ from snow white transparent to cream depending its oil content and being heavy or light grade which is related to the melting point of the raw material used . fully refined paraffin wax is used for cosmetic and food products and semi refined paraffin wax usages is candle making, painting, floor covering.

 

 

 

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